Pinchbeck East C of E

Primary Academy


What is 'Special Educational Needs and Disability'?

Special Educational Needs (SEN) is a legal term. It describes the needs of a child who has a difficulty or disability which makes learning harder for them than for other children their age. A disability is a physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities and causes a difficulty or barrier to learn or to access the curriculum.


We provide SEN support for pupils with significant needs in the following areas:

– Cognition and Learning
– Communication and Interaction
– Social, mental and emotional health
– Sensory and/or Physical


The four categories that the school caters for can be classified into core, additional and high needs, where some children only require minimal interventions and support while others need additional support to raise the level of their learning. A few children, generally those who have existing Statements of Special Educational Needs or Education Health and Care Plans (EHCP) require high needs.